John Pepper

University of Virginia Website

John Pepper is the Merrill S. Bankard Professor of Economics at the University of Virginia. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Voting History

Reducing gun violence

Taking into account both potential implementation challenges and expected efficacy, investing in police-led targeted enforcement directed at places and persons at high risk for gun crime (e.g.,\"hot spot\" policing; gang enforcement) would reduce gun violence.

Vote Confidence
Agree 7
Median Survey Vote Median Survey Confidence
Agree 7
Comments

There is a large body well-designed research showing consistent evidence. But, there is significant heterogeneity, the evaluations generally only provide short run measures, and external validity is a concern.

Taking into account both potential implementation challenges and expected efficacy, investing in police-led focused deterrence programs (clearly communicating “carrots and sticks” to local residents identified as high risk, followed by targeted surveillance and enforcement with some community-based support for those who desist from crime) would reduce gun violence.

Vote Confidence
Agree 4
Median Survey Vote Median Survey Confidence
Agree 6
Comments

There is some recent evidence supporting this conclusion, but it is limited.

Taking into account both potential implementation challenges and expected efficacy, investing in purely community-led violence-interruption programs (community-based outreach workers try to mediate and prevent conflict, without police involvement) would reduce gun violence.

Vote Confidence
Neutral/No Opinion 8
Median Survey Vote Median Survey Confidence
Neutral/No Opinion 5
Comments

While this may be true, the existing evidence does not support this conclusion.